Ways Transcript Itha Kufulumizitsa Mayendedwe a Kanema Mkonzi

Zolemba ndikusintha makanema

Kanema wamba nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi kutalika kwa maola awiri, kupitilira apo. Ngati ili yabwino, mwina mumamva kuti nthawi ikuuluka ndipo simudzazindikira kuti mphindi 120 zapita. Koma kodi munayamba mwaganizapo za kuchuluka kwa nthawi ndi khama lopanga filimu?

Choyamba, filimu iliyonse yomwe idapangidwa idayamba ndi lingaliro. Wina anaganizira za chiwembu, anthu otchulidwa komanso mkangano womwe uli m'nkhani yaikulu. Kenako nthawi zambiri pamabwera script yomwe imafotokoza mwatsatanetsatane chiwembucho, imafotokoza momwe zimakhalira ndipo nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi zokambirana. Izi zikutsatiridwa ndi bolodi lankhani. Chojambulacho chimakhala ndi zojambula zomwe zikuyimira zithunzi zomwe zidzajambulidwe, kotero ndizosavuta kuti aliyense amene akukhudzidwayo aziwonera chithunzi chilichonse. Ndiyeno tili ndi funso la ochita zisudzo, ochita masewerawa amapangidwa kuti awone yemwe ali woyenera kwambiri pa gawo lililonse.

Kuwombera kwa kanema kusanayambe, malo oti akhazikitse malo ayenera kumangidwa kapena malo enieni ayenera kupezeka. Chachiwiri ndikofunika kuonetsetsa kuti pali malo okwanira kwa oponya ndi ogwira ntchito. Kuyendera malo musanayambe kuwombera ndikofunikira pa izi, komanso kuyang'ana kuwala ndikuwona ngati pali phokoso kapena zosokoneza zina.

Makonzedwe onse opangiratu atha, potsiriza tikufika pakupanga kujambula. Mwina tsopano m'maganizo mwanu mumabwera chithunzi chodziwika bwino cha wotsogolera kanema atakhala pampando wake wopepuka womwe ukupindika uku ndi uku. Kenako amafuula "Zochita" pomwe filimuyo ikuwomba m'manja. Clapperboard imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuthandizira kulunzanitsa chithunzi ndi mawu, ndikulemba zomwe zimatengedwa popeza zidajambulidwa komanso zojambulidwa. Kotero, pamene kujambula kwa se kutha timapeza filimuyo? Chabwino, osati kwenikweni. Ntchito yonseyi sinachitikebe ndipo ngati mukuganiza kuti zonse zomwe zanenedwa mpaka pano zingatenge nthawi yayitali, chonde khalani oleza mtima. Chifukwa tsopano akuyamba pambuyo kupanga gawo.

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Kanemayo atawombera, kwa akatswiri ena omwe amagwira ntchito m'makampani opanga mafilimu, ntchitoyo yatsala pang'ono kuyamba. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi okonza mavidiyo. Okonza amakumana ndi zovuta zambiri panthawi yojambula kanema. Iwo amayang'anira zojambula zonse za kamera, komanso zotsatira zapadera, mtundu ndi nyimbo. Njira yosinthira ngati ili kutali ndi yosavuta. Ndipo ntchito yawo yayikulu ndi yofunika kwambiri: akuyenera kubweretsa filimu yeniyeni.

Makanema osasinthika - mulu waukulu wa mafayilo omwe akuyenera kusinthidwa

Monga mukudziwira kale, owongolera makanema ena amangofuna kudziwa zambiri ndipo mwina ndicho chinsinsi chawo chakupambana. Zochitika zina zimafuna zambiri zotengera kuti otsogolera akhutitsidwe. Pakalipano mungaganize kuti kukonza mafilimu ndi ntchito yowononga nthawi. Ndipo inu muli otsimikiza za izo.

Kanemayo asanasinthidwe, tili ndi zotulutsa zosasankhidwa za kamera, zomwe zimatchedwa zojambula zosaphika - zomwe ndizo zonse zomwe zidalembedwa panthawi yojambula. Pa nthawiyi tiyeni tipite mwatsatanetsatane ndikufotokozera mawu akuti chiŵerengero chowombera. Otsogolera nthawi zonse amawombera kuposa momwe amafunikira, kotero mwachibadwa sizinthu zonse zomwe zikupita pawindo kuti ziwonekere kwa anthu. Chiŵerengero cha kuwombera chimasonyeza kuchuluka kwa mavidiyo omwe adzawonongedwe. Filimu yokhala ndi chiŵerengero chowombera 2: 1 ikanawombera kawiri kuchuluka kwa zithunzi zomwe zinagwiritsidwa ntchito pomaliza. Popeza kuwombera sikukudulanso kwambiri, chiŵerengero chowombera chakwera kwambiri pazaka 20 zapitazi. M'masiku akale zinali zochepa, koma lero chakudya chowombera chili pafupi 200: 1. Kuyika m'mawu osavuta tinganene kuti kumayambiriro kwa ndondomeko yokonza pali pafupifupi maola 400 azithunzi zosaphika zomwe zinkafunika kufufuzidwa ndi kusinthidwa kotero kuti pamapeto pake chomaliza ndi filimu ya maola awiri. Kotero, monga tafotokozera, sizithunzi zonse zomwe zidzapangitse filimuyi: zina sizothandiza pa nkhaniyi ndipo zina zimakhala ndi zolakwika, mizere yolakwika, kuseka ndi zina zotero. ndikuyika pamodzi nkhani yabwino. Makanema osasinthika ndi mafayilo opangidwa mwanjira inayake kuti zonse zisungidwe. Ndi ntchito ya mkonzi kudula mafayilo pa digito, kuphatikiza mndandanda wa filimuyo ndikusankha zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi zomwe sizili. Amasintha zojambulazo mwaluso poganizira kuti zimakwaniritsa zosowa za chinthu chomaliza.

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Okonza mafilimu alidi okondwa kudziwa kuti m’makampani opanga mafilimu zinthu zikuyenda bwino mogwirizana ndi luso lamakono limene kwa iwo limatanthauza kuchita bwino kwambiri. Tikamanena za kupanga, tinganene kuti zikuchulukirachulukira zikuchitika pamafayilo ndipo tepi yachikhalidwe sichikugwiritsidwanso ntchito kwambiri. Izi zimapangitsa kuti ntchito ya okonza ikhale yosavuta pang'ono, komabe, mafayilo amakanema osasungidwa sasungidwa bwino, ndipo vuto ndi lalikulu ngati makamera ambiri akuwombera zochitika.

Palinso chinthu china chomwe chimathandiza akonzi: zolembedwa zidakhala zida zothandiza pakusintha posintha, makamaka ngati zokambirana sizinalembedwe. Zikafika pakupeza njira yoyenera, zolembedwa ndi mpulumutsi weniweni. Pamene dipatimenti yokonza ili ndi zolembedwa, zikutanthauza kuti mkonzi sayenera kufufuza mawu ndi mawu osakira ndipo sayenera kubwereza mobwerezabwereza zojambulazo. Ngati ali ndi zolemba pamanja ndizosavuta komanso mwachangu kufufuza ntchito yokonza. Izi ndizothandiza makamaka pazojambula, zoyankhulana komanso zojambulira m'magulu.

Zolemba zabwino zimapatsa mkonzi mawonekedwe owonetsera mavidiyo, koma, ngati pangafunike, komanso masitampu anthawi, mayina a okamba nkhani, mawu omveka (mawu onse odzaza ngati "Uh!", the " O!", ndi "Ah!"). Ndipo zowona, zolembedwazi zisakhale ndi zolakwika za galamala kapena masipelo.

Zizindikiro zanthawi

Ma timecode amatenga gawo lalikulu pakujambula, mwachitsanzo, pakupanga makanema chifukwa amathandizira kulumikiza makamera awiri kapena kupitilira apo. Zimapangitsanso kuti zigwirizane ndi nyimbo zomvetsera ndi mavidiyo omwe anajambulidwa mosiyana. Popanga filimu, wothandizira kamera nthawi zambiri amalemba nthawi yoyambira ndi yomaliza ya kuwombera. Deta idzatumizidwa kwa mkonzi kuti agwiritse ntchito pofotokozera zojambulazo. Kale zinkachitika ndi dzanja pogwiritsa ntchito cholembera ndi pepala, koma masiku ano zimachitika pogwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yomwe imalumikizidwa ndi kamera. Ma timecode ndi malo ofotokozera ndipo motero amapulumutsa nthawi. Koma mkonzi wa kanema akufunikabe kuyang'ana pazithunzi zosaphika ndipo izi zimatenga nthawi. Zolemba zitha kuthandizira pankhaniyi, koma izi zimangomveka ngati zolembedwazo zili ndi masitampu anthawi (zowona, ziyenera kulumikizidwa ndi ma timecode a kanema). Izi zimapangitsa kuti wopanga alembe ndemanga pazolemba zomwe zingathandize mkonzi ndi ntchito yake. Mkonzi adzakhala wopindulitsa kwambiri, chifukwa sadzayenera kuchoka pa ntchito imodzi (kuwonera kanema) kupita ku ntchito ina (kukonza zojambulazo). Palibe kusinthana pakati pa ntchito, kumatanthauzanso kuti mkonzi sadzataya kuyenda kwake ndipo azingoyang'ana bwino ntchito yomwe ikufunika kuchitidwa.

Zamalonda

Zolemba zimatha kugwiranso ntchito yofunika kwambiri pamakampani a kanema wawayilesi. Tiyeni titenge mwachitsanzo pulogalamu ya pa TV. Itha kuulutsidwa pompopompo, koma zambiri zimajambulidwanso kuti ziwonedwe mtsogolo. Nthawi zambiri, timakhala ndi zobwereza zamasewera akale otchuka a TV. Kodi mudawonapo Anzanu kapena Oprah kangati? Kupatula apo, mutha kupeza makanema omwe mumakonda komanso pamasewera otsatsira, omwe amawonedwa pakufunika. Zonsezi zikutanthauzanso kuti malonda amayenera kusinthidwa nthawi ndi nthawi. Nthawi zina miyezo ya kanema wawayilesi imasintha ndipo malonda ochulukirapo amafunika kuphatikizidwa pazolinga zandalama, kotero pulogalamu yapa TV iyenera kusinthidwa kuti iwonjezere mphindi zingapo zotsatsa. Apanso, zolembedwa zidzathandiza okonza, chifukwa amapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kusanthula pulogalamu yapa TV ndikuyika kanema watsopano wamalonda popanda vuto lililonse.

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Kubwereza

Makanema apawailesi yakanema, opanga mafilimu, makampani opanga ma multimedia amagwiritsa ntchito zolembedwa pazifukwa. Ngati ndinu mkonzi muyenera kuyesa kuphatikiza zolembedwa pakusintha kwanu. Mudzaona kuti mukupita patsogolo bwino. Ndi zokambirana zonse muzolemba za digito, mudzatha kupeza mwachangu zomwe mukufuna. Simudzafunikanso kupitilira maola ndi maola owonera, kuti inu ndi gulu lanu mukhale ndi nthawi yochulukirapo yoganizira zinthu zina.

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