Kukambitsirana kwa Gulu Loyang'anira ndi Kusindikiza kwa Data

Ngati mwalumikizidwa mwanjira ina ndi gawo lazamalonda kapena kafukufuku wamsika, mwina mukudziwa kale kuti gulu lowunikira ndi chiyani. Mwinanso mudatengapo gawo limodzi, ngati gawo la zokambirana zamagulu. M'mawu osavuta, gulu lolunjika ndi mtundu wina wa kuyankhulana kwamagulu, momwe anthu ochepa amafunsidwa, ndipo nthawi zambiri otenga nawo mbali amakhala ofanana.

Ochita kafukufuku amafunsa mafunso enieni ndi mayankho omwe amachokera kwa ophunzira amaphunzira pogwiritsa ntchito njira yapadera, kuti apeze deta yothandiza. Deta yomwe imachokera ku kafukufuku wa zokambirana zamagulu nthawi zambiri imagwiritsidwa ntchito pa malonda ndi kafukufuku wamsika, komanso imakhala yofunikira kwambiri pophunzira maganizo a ndale a magulu ena a anthu.

Maonekedwe a zokambirana m'magulu ang'onoang'ono atha kukhala otseguka, ndi zokambirana zaulere pamitu yosiyanasiyana, kapena zitha kuyendetsedwa ndi kutsogozedwa. Mutuwu ukhoza kukhala chirichonse chomwe chikugwirizana ndi cholinga cha kafukufuku, mtundu uliwonse wa nkhani za ndale kapena malingaliro pa chinthu china. Cholinga chachikulu cha zokambirana zamaguluwa ndikuwunika momwe ophunzirawo amachitira, chifukwa akuwoneka kuti akuyimira anthu ambiri, motero amawonetsanso malingaliro apadziko lonse lapansi. Zinganenedwe kuti kuyankhulana kwamagulu kotereku kumatengera kusonkhanitsa zomwe zimatchedwa qualitative data . Uwu ndi mtundu wa data womwe umachokera ku zokambirana zachindunji, zongokambirana, komanso mosiyana ndi kuchuluka kwa deta, zimapereka chidziwitso pamalingaliro omvera a otenga nawo mbali ndi magulu osiyanasiyana. Kufufuza koyenera kwamtunduwu kumachokera pakufunsana ndi magulu enaake a anthu. Amafunsidwa mafunso okhudza malingaliro awo, zikhulupiriro, malingaliro awo ndi malingaliro awo pamitu yosiyanasiyana, malonda ndi ntchito. Anthu a m’gululi amakopekanso kuti azilankhulana. Kufotokozera ndi kuunika maganizo a otenga nawo mbali kumachokera ku kafukufuku wamagulu onse. Phindu lalikulu la magulu omwe amayang'ana kwambiri ndikulumikizana uku, komwe kumathandizira kusonkhanitsa mwachangu komanso moyenera deta yabwino kuchokera kwa omwe akutenga nawo mbali angapo. M'magulu ambiri ochita kafukufuku amajambula zokambirana zonse, kapena kulemba manotsi pamene zokambirana zikuchitika. Kulemba manotsi sikwabwino nthawi zonse, chifukwa wofunsayo sangagwire chilichonse chomwe chanenedwa. Ichi ndichifukwa chake zokambirana zamagulu nthawi zambiri zimakhala zojambulidwa kapena zojambulidwa. M'nkhaniyi tifotokoza zina mwazabwino zopanga mawu olondola a zoyankhulana zamagulu ojambulidwa.

Magulu okhazikika ndi njira yotchuka kwambiri yofufuzira zaubwino, ndipo malinga ndi kuyerekezera kwina, mabizinesi ku US amawononga ndalama zoposa $800 miliyoni pamagulu omwe akukhudzidwa. Ngati titi tiyerekeze kuti ndi ndalama zingati zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito padziko lonse lapansi pofunsa mafunso m'magulu, titha kunena kuti tikulankhula za madola mabiliyoni mazanamazana. Gawo lazamalonda ndi kafukufuku wamsika ndizofunikira kwambiri pakufufuza koyambirira kwa zotsatira zazachuma zazinthu zosiyanasiyana ndi ntchito. Kukambitsirana kwamagulu kotereku ndi kothandiza kwambiri chifukwa mukakhala pagulu malingaliro ndi malingaliro amakankhidwira wina ndi mnzake ndipo kasitomala amatha kupanga malingaliro awo momwe akumvera pa chinthu china. Koma ngakhale magulu omwe amayang'ana kwambiri ndi chida chabwino pankhani yodziwitsa makasitomala anu, ngati mukufuna kusanthula zomwe mwasonkhanitsa mosavuta komanso mosavuta, muyenera kulemba chojambuliracho. Njira yolembera zokambiranazo ikhoza kukhala yokhumudwitsa, yovuta komanso yotengera nthawi ngati mukufuna kuchita nokha. Muyenera kukumbukira kuti mawu akukambitsirana sali ngati kuyankhulana kwa munthu payekha, koma nthawi zonse amakhala ndi phokoso lakumbuyo ndi zokambirana zambiri. Zizindikiro zosagwirizana ndi mawu sizipangitsa kuti ntchitoyi ikhale yosavuta. Chifukwa chake, yesani momwe mungathere kuti muchite bwino. Tikuuzani momwe.

Zopanda dzina 2

Ndiye, muli ndi fayilo yomvera kapena makanema pazokambirana zamagulu? Tsopano, pali njira zingapo zoti muzitsatira:

Choyamba, muyenera kulemba zokambiranazo. Apa muli ndi kusankha pakati pa mitundu iwiri ya zolembedwa. Verbatim transcript ndi mawu omasulira liwu ndi liwu momwe mumalemba zonse zomwe zanenedwa panthawi yokambirana, kuphatikiza mawu odzaza, omveka ngati "um", "eh" ndi "erm" ... Njira ina yomwe mungachitire, ndi kusefa mawu onse omwe si mawu enieni. Izi zimatchedwa kulembedwa kosalala. Koma ngati kuyankhulana kosagwiritsa ntchito mawu kumakhala kofunikira pa kafukufuku wanu, ndipo pazokambirana zamagulu nthawi zambiri zimatero, muyenera kulemba liwu ndi liwu.

Mfundo ina yofunika ndiyo kutchula wokamba nkhaniyo. Momwe mungachitire izi zimatengera kukula kwa gulu loyang'ana. Ngati pali otenga mbali ochepa mutha kuwatcha "interviewer", "mwamuna", "mkazi". Mukakhala ndi okambirana ambiri, mutha kuyamba ndi kulemba mayina awo nthawi yoyamba yomwe akulankhula ndipo kenako mumalemba zilembo zoyambira zokha. Ngati akuganiza kuti otenga nawo mbali angakhale omasuka kunena zomwe akuganiza ngati sakudziwika, mutha kungowatchula kuti “Wolankhula 1” kapena “Wolankhula A”. Kwenikweni, zili ndi inu.

Komanso, ngakhale kusintha kochulukira sikuli bwino mukamalemba zokambirana zamagulu, mutha kusintha pang'ono ngati mawu olakwika osatchulidwa bwino. Ngati simukutsimikiza zomwe otenga nawo mbali akunena, mutha kulemba chiganizocho m'mabulaketi sikweya ndi sitampu ndikuyesera kutsimikizira pambuyo pake. Ponena za ma timestamp, adzakuthandizani mu gawo lowunikira. Mukawonjezera masitampu anthawi pa zolembera zanu, kudzakhala kosavuta kuti mupeze gawo lililonse pazokambirana ngati mungafune kuwonanso mbali zina zomwe sizikumveka bwino kwa inu pomvera gawolo mu fayilo imodzi. nthawi yochulukirapo.

Pomaliza, muyenera kuunikanso zolembedwazo. Tikukulangizani kuti muwerenge mobwerezabwereza kawiri. Izi zidzakutsimikizirani kuti mwalemba molondola zokambirana za gulu lanu.

Zidzakutengerani nthawi yochuluka bwanji kuti mulembe zolemba zamagulu? Izi ndithudi zimatengera kutalika kwa zokambirana. Nthawi zambiri, titha kunena kuti kwa ola limodzi la audio muyenera kugwira ntchito maola anayi. Muyeneranso kuganizira nthawi yowonjezereka, chifukwa monga zachisoni kale, zojambulira m'magulu okhazikika sizikhala zaphokoso zakumbuyo ndipo sizikhala zomveka bwino komanso zapamwamba, osatchulanso kuti otenga nawo mbali nthawi zina amalankhula chimodzimodzi. nthawi. Izi zikutanthauza kuti muyenera kuyimitsa ndikubwezeretsanso tepiyo kwambiri kuti mumve ndikumvetsetsa yemwe ananena. Zonsezi zidzasokoneza zoyesayesa zanu kuti mumalize ntchitoyi mwachangu. Liwiro lanu lolemba ndilofunikanso poyesa kudziwa, kuchuluka kwa nthawi yomwe mungagwiritse ntchito polemba.

Monga mukuonera, kulemba zokambirana zamagulu sikophweka monga momwe zimawonekera. Muyenera kuyika mphamvu zambiri ndi khama. Kuti muwongolere, mutha kusankhanso kulemba ntchito akatswiri omasulira kuti akuthandizeni ndi mawuwo. Mtengo wa zolemba masiku ano sizokwera, makamaka ngati mukuziyerekeza ndi nthawi zonse zomwe mungasunge kuti muchite zinthu zofunika kwambiri. Polemba ntchito akatswiri opereka chithandizo cholembera, mudzapeza zotsatira zolondola mu nthawi yokwanira, yochitidwa ndi akatswiri.

Koma, ngati mukufunabe kulemba nokha, tidzakupatsani malingaliro angapo omwe angakuthandizeni.

Muyenera kugulitsa mahedifoni oletsa phokoso. Ndiwothandiza kwambiri pamafayilo omvera osadziwika bwino, chifukwa mwanjira iyi mutha kuyimba malo anu. Izi zidzakuthandizani kuika maganizo.

Zopanda dzina 3

Chida china chaching'ono chomwe timalimbikitsa kwambiri ndi chopondapo chakudya. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito powongolera kusewerera kwanu kwamawu kutanthauza kuti ma hotkey sali pachithunzipa ndipo manja anu ndi aulere kuti mulembe.

Chida chojambulira chapamwamba kwambiri chithandizira moyo wa wolemba aliyense. Mafayilo omvera omwe mudzajambulitse nawo adzakhala aukhondo kwambiri, osavuta kumvera komanso amakhala ndi phokoso lochepa lakumbuyo.

Mutha kupezanso pulogalamu yaukadaulo yolembera yomwe, koposa zonse, imatanthauza kuchepa pang'ono pakati pa windows.

Pomaliza

Transcribing a focus group discussion is key if you want to analyze the collected data. If you plan to do it yourself, be prepared to put in lots of hard work and energy since it is indeed a challenging task, especially considering all the problems with the quality of group discussion audio files. To save yourself some time, you can invest in some handy devices (noise-canceling headphones, a food pedal, high quality recording equipment, a professional transcription software) which will help you with transcribing. Otherwise, hire a professional to do this job for you. Gglot is an experienced transcription service provider which offers accurate transcription, a quick turnaround time and competitive prices. Get in touch with us today and let us transcribe your focus group discussion.