Kodi Mitundu Yosiyanasiyana Yophunzirira Imapindula Bwanji ndi Ntchito Zolembera?

Mtundu wa VARK ndi zolemba

Ngati ndinu mphunzitsi, mumayesetsa kufotokoza phunzirolo kwa wophunzira wanu kuti pamapeto pake alimvetse bwino lomwe ndi kuti mtsogolo mwake adzayesere ndi kulibwereza yekha phunzirolo. Nachi chinthu chofunikira kwambiri kukumbukira: si ophunzira onse omwe ali ndi njira yophunzirira yofanana. Popeza m'miyezi ingapo yapitayi makalasi athu amakonda kusuntha kwambiri kudziko lapansi, pali zida zambiri zosangalatsa zomwe zingathandize kuphunzira. Chitsanzo chimodzi mwa izi ndi zolembedwa zomwe zimapangitsa moyo wa ophunzira kukhala wosavuta pothandizira njira yophunzirira wophunzira aliyense. Kuphatikiza apo, ophunzira akamaliza kuphunzira, zolembera ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yophunzirira ndikubwerezanso, ndipo izi ndizofunikiranso pakuwerengera. Tiyeni tikupatseni zambiri za masitayelo osiyanasiyana ophunzirira ndi ntchito zomwe zolembedwa zimatha kuchita nawo.

Koma choyamba, tiyeni tione chifukwa chake pali masitayelo osiyanasiyana ophunzirira? Monga momwe anthu ali ndi umunthu wosiyana, amakondanso masitayelo ophunzirira, kapena masitayelo ophunzirira omwe amapangitsa kuphunzira kukhala kothandiza kwambiri kwa iwo. Nthawi zina sitayilo imodzi yokha imawagwirira ntchito ndipo nthawi zina amapeza zotsatira zabwino akasakaniza masitayelo osiyanasiyana ophunzirira. Komanso, nthawi zina kalasi yeniyeni imakhala ndi ophunzira apadziko lonse lapansi, kapena ophunzira omwe ali ndi zolepheretsa kuphunzira omwe angafune thandizo lina. Ntchito ya mphunzitsi ndikumvetsetsa izi ndikuyesera kuphatikiza masitaelo osiyanasiyana ophunzirira pamaphunziro awo a pa intaneti. Izi zipangitsa kuti wophunzira aliyense akwere ku zomwe angathe, kuti athe kukhala odzidalira komanso kuti kuphunzirako sikuli kuzunzika kwa iwo, koma chochitika chosangalatsa.

Kodi mtundu wa VARK ndi chiyani?

Tsopano tikufuna kukuwonetsani chitsanzo chodziwika bwino cha VARK, chomwe chinapangidwa ndi Neil Fleming mu 1987. Zimayimira zowona, zomveka, zowerenga / kulemba, ndi kinesthetic sensory. Ndi njira yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri kugawa masitayelo ophunzirira chifukwa champhamvu komanso kuphweka kwake. Chitsanzochi chimapereka zosankha zosiyanasiyana kuti ophunzira azitha kuchita nawo zomwe zili m'njira yokhazikika.

Zowoneka

Pali ophunzira omwe amangophunzira bwino pamene phunzirolo likuperekedwa kwa iwo m'mawonekedwe azithunzi kuti athe kuwona zomwe akuyenera kuziyika mkati. Ophunzirawo amakonda mafilimu, zithunzi ndi ma graph kapena mamapu amalingaliro. Aphunzitsi amathanso kuwunikira mawu ofunikira okhala ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana, mivi yophiphiritsa ndi mabwalo angagwiritsidwenso ntchito popereka chidziwitso, mawu ofunikira amatha kusinthidwa ndi zilembo zoyambira ndi zina. ndi ophunzira owoneka.

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The Aural

Ophunzira ena amaphunzira kumva. Zimenezi zikutanthauza kuti amaphunzira bwino kwambiri nkhani ikafotokozedwa kwa iwo pakamwa. Adzakonda maphunziro akale omwe aphunzitsi amafotokozera zambiri. Izi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kwa iwo kulumphira m'malingaliro atsopano. Makaseti omvera amathandizanso kwambiri pano. Mapulojekiti amagulu, zokambirana ndi kukambirana zimawalimbikitsanso, chifukwa izi zimawapangitsa kuti aphunzire zinazake pamene akulankhula ndi kudzifotokozera okha. Kumbukirani kuti ophunzira omvera amatha kusokonezedwa mosavuta ndi phokoso.

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Kuwerenga/kulemba

Ngati ophunzira ena akufuna kuwonjezera chidziwitso chawo, ayenera kulemba zomwe akudziwa. Kubwerezabwereza mawu n’kofunika kwambiri kwa iwo ndipo zimenezi zimawathandiza kumvetsa nkhaniyo. Chifukwa chake, ndi omwe ali oyenera kuphunzira wamba omwe amaphatikiza kuwerenga kuchokera m'buku ndikulemba zolemba zawo. Kuti iwo akumbukire zambiri, ziyenera kuwonetsedwa ngati mawu. Ndizosadabwitsa kuti aphunzitsi ambiri amakonda kwambiri kalembedwe kameneka. Zikafika pa matemberero a pa intaneti, ndibwino kuti nthawi zonse mupereke chiwongolero chamawu kapena chiwonetsero cha PowerPoint kuti ophunzira owerenga / kulemba apindule kwambiri pamaphunziro anu.

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The Kinesthetic

Kwa ophunzira ena, kugwira ntchito mwaluso ndikofunikira kwambiri. Ophunzira a Kinesthetic amakondanso kuphunzira bwino ngati zochitika zolimbitsa thupi zili gawo la maphunziro. Tikamanena zolimbitsa thupi, tikutanthauza kuti ophunzirawo amaphunzira bwino akamafufuza, kuyesa, mapulojekiti kapena sewero. Kusuntha, kukhudza ndi kuchita ndi njira yawo yopitira, kotero mphunzitsi ayenera kuyang'ana pa ntchito yothandiza osati chiphunzitso chokha. Ayenera kumva kuti angathe kugwiritsa ntchito zimene aphunzira. Kunena mosiyanasiyana tinganene kuti amaphunzira mosavuta kuchokera ku zomwe adakumana nazo pochita zinazake, koma ngati ziyenera kukhala zomwe adakumana nazo osati za ena. Amachita bwino kwambiri m’maseŵero, kutsanzira komanso m’zamisiri.

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Kodi zolembedwa zingathandize bwanji?

Pakadali pano, zili bwino. Tiyeni tsopano tisunthire kuukadaulo, kapena makamaka ku zolembedwa ndi momwe zingathandizire kuthana ndi zovuta za m'kalasi ndikukhala opindulitsa kwa ophunzira omwe ali ndi masitaelo osiyanasiyana ophunzirira pamaphunziro apa intaneti.

  • Sizowona kuti wophunzira amajambula zonse zomwe mphunzitsi adanena panthawi yophunzira (nthawi zambiri satha kujambula kupitirira 50%). Choncho, phunziro likatha ndipo ophunzira adutsa zolemba zawo, zinthu zambiri zofunika nthawi zambiri zimasowa. Ngati mphunzitsi apatsa ophunzira zolembedwa za phunzirolo, akhoza kulemba mosavuta mbali zofunika zimene zikusowekapo ndi kupangitsa moyo wawo ndi kuphunzira kukhala kosavuta. Izi ndizofunikira makamaka kwa ophunzira owerenga / kulemba.
  • Kumvetsera ndi kulemba manotsi nthawi imodzi kungakhale kovuta ndipo anthu ambiri sali bwino pa izo. Koma ophunzira nthawi zambiri alibe chosankha. Ndipo ngakhale ophunzira owerenga / kulemba angapindule polemba manotsi ali munkhani, ophunzira omvera amatha kukhala ndi nthawi yovuta kuti akhazikike kuti atenge zambiri paphunzirolo. Kodi sizingakhale zabwino ngati akanakhala ndi mwayi wongoyang'ana pa chinthu chimodzi - kumvetsera zomwe zikunenedwa - ndipo panthawi imodzimodziyo kutsimikiziridwa kuti phunziro lonse lidzakhala lolembedwa kwa iwo? Kulemba nkhani kungakhale yankho la nkhaniyi.
  • Zolemba zimatha kusinthidwa ndi njira iliyonse yophunzirira ndipo zimatha kupeputsa ntchito ya mphunzitsi. Aphunzitsi sayenera kugwiritsa ntchito masitayelo ambiri ophunzitsira popeza zolembedwa zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'njira zosiyanasiyana. Chitsanzo chimodzi cha izi ndikuti ophunzira owoneka amatha kupanga mapu amalingaliro kuchokera pazolemba. Aphunzitsi atha kuyesanso kuganiza za masewera ophunzirira omwe zolemba zitha kukhala zothandiza. Mwanjira iyi zosowa za ophunzira a kinesthetic zimaphimbidwanso.
  • Monga tanenera kale, pali ophunzira omwe amakonda kusakaniza masitayelo osiyanasiyana ophunzirira. Izi ndizothandiza makamaka pamene ophunzira akuphunzira maphunziro ovuta. Zolembedwa zipangitsa kuti ophunzira athe kupanga zomwe aphunzira komanso kuyesa masitayelo osiyanasiyana ophunzirira ndipo kwa ambiri aiwo izi zitha kukhala ndi zotsatira zabwino.
  • Ngakhale maphunziro a pa intaneti ali othandiza, makamaka munthawi ngati izi, amakhalanso ovuta komanso osokoneza kwa ophunzira ena. Zolemba zimapatsa chitetezo kwa ophunzira osatetezeka, chifukwa podutsamo, ophunzira amatha kulowa muzinthu zophunzitsira mwatsatanetsatane ndikudzaza mipata yachidziwitso, zomwe pamapeto pake zikutanthauza kuti azitha kulidziwa bwino phunzirolo.
  • Pomaliza, m'kalasi iliyonse mungakhale ophunzira omwe ali ndi vuto lakumva kapena wophunzira amene sadziwa bwino Chingerezi. Makamaka masiku ano, ophunzira ambiri ochokera padziko lonse lapansi akutembenukira pa intaneti kuti akachite nawo maphunziro osiyanasiyana. Ngati mukufuna kuti awaphatikize m'kalasi mwanu, muyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti ali ndi mwayi wopeza maphunziro a pa intaneti. Izi zidzakhala zothandiza kwambiri pophunzira kwa iwo.
  • Ngakhale ophunzira omwe amagwiritsa ntchito Chingerezi ngati chilankhulo cha makolo nthawi zina amatha kuphonya mbali zina za phunzirolo (kapena nkhani yonse) chifukwa chaukadaulo. Kuchepa kwa intaneti ndi vuto lomwe ophunzira ambiri amakumana nalo, makamaka ngati akuchokera kumakona osiyanasiyana adziko lapansi. Kungakhale koyenera kuwapatsa zolembedwa kuti apindule ndi nkhaniyo mofanana ndi mmene ophunzira ena amachitira.

Zolemba zamaphunziro ndi gawo lofunikira pamaphunziro a pa intaneti komanso njira yophunzirira pa intaneti. Ndi chida chothandiza chifukwa amangowonjezera maphunziro ndipo ophunzira omwe ali ndi masitaelo osiyanasiyana amatha kupindula nawo. Kukhala ndi cholembedwa cha nkhani patsogolo pawo kumapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kwa ophunzira kumvetsetsa zomwe zili ndi kulumikizana nazo, ziribe kanthu ngati ali owonera, omvera, owerenga / kulemba kapena ophunzira a Kinesthetic.

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